Medical News

  • Race plays role in regaining weight after gastric bypass surgery
    African Americans and Hispanic Americans who have undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are at greater risk to regain weight as compared to Caucasians. To date, no study has addressed the effect of race on weight regain over the long term. Identifying the risk factors for weight regain is an important first step in improving the long-term clinical outcomes of bariatric surgery. Read more »
  • FDA to crack down on menthol cigarettes, flavored vapes
    A top U.S. health official on Thursday pledged to try to ban menthol from regular cigarettes, outlaw flavors in all cigars, and tighten rules regarding the sale of most flavored versions of electronic cigarettes. Read more »
  • New promising compound against heart rhythm disorders and clogged arteries
    A new pharmacological agent demonstrates promising results for the prevention of a wide range of heart rhythm disorders, including both cardiac and brain injury-induced arrhythmias. Furthermore, the compound (SS-68) demonstrates significant activity in conditions of reduced blood flow to the heart caused by obstructed arteries. Read more »
  • Fine particle air pollution is a public health emergency hiding in plain sight
    Ambient air pollution is the largest environmental health problem in the United States and in the world more generally. Fine particulate matter smaller than 2.5 millionths of a meter, known as PM2.5, was the fifth-leading cause of death in the world in 2015, factoring in approximately 4.1 million global deaths annually. In the United States, PM2.5 contributed to about 88,000 deaths in 2015 – more than diabetes, influenza, kidney disease or suicide. Read more »
  • African ancestry associated with risk factors for heart failure
    African-Americans are known to have certain cardiac conditions that are linked to a greater occurrence of heart failure at a younger age than Caucasians. Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center analyzed data from the Dallas Heart Study to determine why. Read more »
  • A new 'buddy system' of nurse education gets high marks from students
    A new "buddy system" of nursing education—in which two students work together as one nurse to share ideas, set priorities and make clinical decisions for patient care in the "real world" of nursing—is effective, according to a study by Baylor University's Louise Herrington School of Nursing in Dallas. Read more »
  • Non-coding genetic variant could improve key vascular functions
    Atherosclerotic disease, the slow and silent hardening and narrowing of the arteries, is a leading cause of mortality worldwide. It is responsible for more than 15 million deaths each year, including an estimated 610,000 people in the United States. Read more »
  • How anti-black bias in white men hurts black men's health
    Researchers have documented "large, pervasive and persistent" racial inequalities in the U.S. Inter-group relations are among the factors that contribute to such disparities, many of which manifest themselves in gaps in health care. Read more »
  • Animal welfare breakthrough helps to accelerate brain and diabetes research
    A pioneering breakthrough in the way animal research is conducted will help to accelerate studies of the brain. Read more »
  • How to help people with dementia retain the power of choice
    Deterioration in the ability to produce complex speech or understand what people are asking, can make it difficult for people with dementia to make choices in conventional ways. It can be simple things like deciding which clothes to wear, or what to have for dinner. But when a person is in the more advanced stages of dementia, and may not be able to speak at all, it can be difficult for those caring for them to work out what their preferences would be. Read more »
  • Six surprising drug interactions you should know about
    As the UK population grows older, more and more people are using a combination of drugs to treat multiple conditions. This can lead to interactions and side effects that we all need to be aware of. Read more »
  • Deciding not to resuscitate: Nurses' and physicians' perspectives
    When deciding not to resuscitate patients in cardiac arrest, ethical issues arise. Nurses and physicians conflicting perspectives often cause frustration. In a new doctoral thesis from Uppsala University, Mona Pettersson examines clinical and ethical perspectives on "DNR orders" in cancer care. Read more »
  • Bibliotherapy: How reading and writing have been healing trauma since World War I
    Bibliotherapy – the idea that reading can have a beneficial effect on mental health – has undergone a resurgence. There is mounting clinical evidence that reading can, for example, help people overcome loneliness and social exclusion. One scheme in Coventry allows health professionals to prescribe books to their patients from a list drawn up by mental health experts. Read more »
  • No link between 'hypoallergenic' dogs and lower risk of childhood asthma
    Growing up with dogs is linked to a lower risk of asthma, especially if the dogs are female, a new study from Karolinska Institutet and Uppsala University in Sweden shows. However, the researchers found no relation between 'allergy friendly' breeds and a lower risk of asthma. The study is published in the journal Scientific Reports. Read more »
  • Improvement needed in gestational diabetes education: Study
    Shanna McCutcheon, 32, was shocked and fearful after being diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in her second trimester. Read more »
  • Why early diagnosis of autism should lead to early intervention
    Research suggests children can be reliably diagnosed with autism before the age of two. It also shows that many of the behavioural symptoms of autism are present before the age of one. Read more »
  • Despite new findings, the jury is still out on whether omega-3 supplements reduce heart attacks
    A recent widely-reported study has reignited debate around whether omega-3 supplements reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke. The study showed a particular form of omega-3 oil lowered the risk of people with heart disease experiencing a major "end point" event by 25%. This end point is one or a combination of several serious issues such as fatal or non-fatal heart attack, stroke, angina (chest pain) and coronary surgery. Read more »
  • A new brain imaging study challenges the dominant theoretical model of autism spectrum disorders
    Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by communication disorders, altered social interactions and sensory and behavioral abnormalities. Research in genetics and brain imaging suggests that abnormalities in the development of the brain concerning, in particular, the formation of neural networks and the functioning of synapses could be involved in the onset of ASD. Read more »
  • Researchers detect the most efficient salivary biomarkers for detecting oral cancer
    Over 90 percent of malign tumours in the head and neck are originated from carcinomas of squamous cells that appear in superficial areas of the oral cavity. Their detection with salivary biomarkers can contribute to early treatment, before they transform into tumours. Researchers at the Oral Microbiology Research Group of the CEU Cardenal Herrera university (CEU UCH) in Valencia, Spain, have conducted a systematic review and a meta-analysis of the salivary markers that show the highest efficacy for the early detection of oral cancer in different clinical trials. The results have just been published in the Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine, the official magazine of the International Association of Oral Pathogens in the field of Dentistry, Oral Surgery and Medicine. Read more »
  • Why we shouldn't like coffee, but we do
    Why do we like the bitter taste of coffee? Bitterness evolved as a natural warning system to protect the body from harmful substances. By evolutionary logic, we should want to spit it out. Read more »
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